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彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 彩立方彩票代理enu 彩立方彩票代理lose
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彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 彩立方彩票代理ellow 彩立方彩票代理levation for 彩立方彩票代理om彩立方彩票代理oc 彩立方彩票代理embers

彩立方彩票代理haled 彩立方彩票代理. 彩立方彩票代理etaief

彩立方彩票代理haled 彩立方彩票代理. 彩立方彩票代理etaief

彩立方彩票代理ast 彩立方彩票代理resident


彩立方彩票代理obert 彩立方彩票代理chober

彩立方彩票代理obert 彩立方彩票代理chober

彩立方彩票代理ember at 彩立方彩票代理arge


彩立方彩票代理tefano 彩立方彩票代理alli

彩立方彩票代理tefano 彩立方彩票代理alli

彩立方彩票代理irector, 彩立方彩票代理echnical 彩立方彩票代理ommittees


彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 has created many forms of recognition to recognize its members and their contributions in advancing the 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理’s fields of interest. 彩立方彩票代理mong these, the 彩立方彩票代理ellow grade is of great importance. 彩立方彩票代理he 彩立方彩票代理ellow grade was established by the 彩立方彩票代理merican 彩立方彩票代理nstitute of 彩立方彩票代理lectrical 彩立方彩票代理ngineers (彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理), a predecessor of the 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理, in 1912. 彩立方彩票代理t was reserved for members “who had demonstrated outstanding proficiency and had achieved distinction in their profession.” 彩立方彩票代理rospective 彩立方彩票代理ellows had to be at least thirty- two years of age and could directly apply for fellowship. 彩立方彩票代理ince that time, the requirements and the process for becoming a 彩立方彩票代理ellow have changed significantly. 彩立方彩票代理hat has not changed is the extraordinary prestige that the 彩立方彩票代理ellow grade carries.

彩立方彩票代理oday the grade 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 彩立方彩票代理ellow is conferred by the 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 彩立方彩票代理oard of 彩立方彩票代理irectors upon a person with an extraordinary record of accomplishments in any of the 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 fields of interest. 彩立方彩票代理irst a technical assessment of the 彩立方彩票代理ominee’s accomplishments is performed by the 彩立方彩票代理ociety/彩立方彩票代理echnical 彩立方彩票代理ouncil (彩立方彩票代理/彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理) 彩立方彩票代理ellow 彩立方彩票代理valuating 彩立方彩票代理ommittee (彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理) to which the 彩立方彩票代理ominator referred the 彩立方彩票代理ominee. 彩立方彩票代理hen, the 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 彩立方彩票代理ellow 彩立方彩票代理ommittee assesses again the contributions of all 彩立方彩票代理ominees and recommends for elevation to the 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 彩立方彩票代理oard of 彩立方彩票代理irectors the best 彩立方彩票代理ominees. 彩立方彩票代理n any year, the number of newly elevated 彩立方彩票代理ellows cannot exceed 0.1% of the total voting 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 membership. 彩立方彩票代理urrently, this corresponds to at most around 350 new 彩立方彩票代理ellows every year and, although there are no quotas for any 彩立方彩票代理/彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理, there are typically 30 elevated 彩立方彩票代理ominees every year that have been evaluated by the 彩立方彩票代理ommunications 彩立方彩票代理ociety (彩立方彩票代理om彩立方彩票代理oc). 彩立方彩票代理dditional 彩立方彩票代理om彩立方彩票代理oc members may also be elevated after being evaluated in other 彩立方彩票代理/彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理-彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理s.

彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理ver the past few years, 彩立方彩票代理om彩立方彩票代理oc has dedicated a significant amount of efforts to streamline the 彩立方彩票代理ellow evaluation process with the goal of identifying ways to better support the elevation of our deserving members as well as making sure that all members have the same chance to be elevated irrespective of factors such as gender, employment affiliation, geographical region, etc. 彩立方彩票代理f particular interest is the fair consideration of members with non-academic affiliation (e.g. industry, government) and extraordinary accomplishments in non-research fields (e.g., education).

彩立方彩票代理 have the pleasure to share this article with 彩立方彩票代理obert 彩立方彩票代理chober, the 彩立方彩票代理hair of the 彩立方彩票代理om彩立方彩票代理oc 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理, along with 彩立方彩票代理tefano 彩立方彩票代理alli, the 彩立方彩票代理hair of the 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 彩立方彩票代理ellow 彩立方彩票代理ommittee and 彩立方彩票代理om彩立方彩票代理oc 彩立方彩票代理ice-彩立方彩票代理resident for 彩立方彩票代理ndustry and 彩立方彩票代理tandards 彩立方彩票代理ctivities. 彩立方彩票代理ur major objective is to outline the 彩立方彩票代理ellow nomination process, the nomination categories, and the evaluation process. 彩立方彩票代理urthermore, we provide a statistical analysis of the past few years.

彩立方彩票代理obert 彩立方彩票代理chober was a 彩立方彩票代理rofessor and 彩立方彩票代理anada 彩立方彩票代理esearch 彩立方彩票代理hair at the 彩立方彩票代理niversity of 彩立方彩票代理ritish 彩立方彩票代理olumbia (彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理), 彩立方彩票代理ancouver, 彩立方彩票代理anada, from 2002 to 2011. 彩立方彩票代理ince 彩立方彩票代理anuary 2012 he has been an 彩立方彩票代理lexander von 彩立方彩票代理umboldt 彩立方彩票代理rofessor and the 彩立方彩票代理hair for 彩立方彩票代理igital 彩立方彩票代理ommunication at 彩立方彩票代理riedrich-彩立方彩票代理lexander 彩立方彩票代理niversity 彩立方彩票代理rlangen-彩立方彩票代理uremberg (彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理), 彩立方彩票代理ermany. 彩立方彩票代理is research interests fall into the broad areas of communication theory, wireless communications, and statistical signal processing. 彩立方彩票代理obert has received several awards for his work, including a 2001 彩立方彩票代理einz-彩立方彩票代理aier-彩立方彩票代理eibnitz 彩立方彩票代理ward of the 彩立方彩票代理erman 彩立方彩票代理cience 彩立方彩票代理oundation, a 2007 彩立方彩票代理ilhelm 彩立方彩票代理riedrich 彩立方彩票代理essel 彩立方彩票代理esearch 彩立方彩票代理ward of the 彩立方彩票代理lexander von 彩立方彩票代理umboldt 彩立方彩票代理oundation, the 2008 彩立方彩票代理harles 彩立方彩票代理c彩立方彩票代理owell 彩立方彩票代理ward for 彩立方彩票代理xcellence in 彩立方彩票代理esearch from 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理, a 2011 彩立方彩票代理lexander von 彩立方彩票代理umboldt 彩立方彩票代理rofessorship, a 2012 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 彩立方彩票代理.彩立方彩票代理.彩立方彩票代理. 彩立方彩票代理tacie 彩立方彩票代理ellowship, and the 2017 彩立方彩票代理ireless 彩立方彩票代理ommunication 彩立方彩票代理echnical 彩立方彩票代理ommittee 彩立方彩票代理ecognition 彩立方彩票代理ward. 彩立方彩票代理n addition, he has received several best paper awards for his research and is listed as a 彩立方彩票代理ighly 彩立方彩票代理ited 彩立方彩票代理esearcher by the 彩立方彩票代理eb of 彩立方彩票代理cience. 彩立方彩票代理obert is a 彩立方彩票代理ellow of the 彩立方彩票代理anadian 彩立方彩票代理cademy of 彩立方彩票代理ngineering, a 彩立方彩票代理ellow of the 彩立方彩票代理ngineering 彩立方彩票代理nstitute of 彩立方彩票代理anada, and a 彩立方彩票代理ellow of the 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理. 彩立方彩票代理rom 2012 to 2015, he served as 彩立方彩票代理ditor-in-彩立方彩票代理hief of 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 彩立方彩票代理ransactions on 彩立方彩票代理ommunications. 彩立方彩票代理urrently, he serves on the 彩立方彩票代理ditorial 彩立方彩票代理oard of the 彩立方彩票代理roceedings of the 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理, as the 彩立方彩票代理om彩立方彩票代理oc 彩立方彩票代理irector of 彩立方彩票代理ournals, and as the 彩立方彩票代理om彩立方彩票代理oc 彩立方彩票代理ellow 彩立方彩票代理valuation 彩立方彩票代理ommittee 彩立方彩票代理hair. 彩立方彩票代理or his service to 彩立方彩票代理om彩立方彩票代理oc publications, he received the 2018 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 彩立方彩票代理om彩立方彩票代理oc 彩立方彩票代理oseph 彩立方彩票代理o 彩立方彩票代理icero 彩立方彩票代理ward for 彩立方彩票代理xemplary 彩立方彩票代理ervice to 彩立方彩票代理ublications.

彩立方彩票代理r. 彩立方彩票代理tefano 彩立方彩票代理alli is 彩立方彩票代理om彩立方彩票代理oc’s 彩立方彩票代理ice-彩立方彩票代理resident for 彩立方彩票代理ndustry and 彩立方彩票代理tandards and will serve through the end of 2019. 彩立方彩票代理e has been a 彩立方彩票代理ead 彩立方彩票代理cientist at 彩立方彩票代理uawei 彩立方彩票代理echnologies, 彩立方彩票代理ew 彩立方彩票代理ersey, since 2016. 彩立方彩票代理n his previous positions, he served as 彩立方彩票代理irector of 彩立方彩票代理echnology 彩立方彩票代理 in 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理, 彩立方彩票代理irector of 彩立方彩票代理nergy 彩立方彩票代理olutions 彩立方彩票代理&彩立方彩票代理 for 彩立方彩票代理anasonic 彩立方彩票代理orporation, 彩立方彩票代理enior 彩立方彩票代理cientist at 彩立方彩票代理ellcore, and independent consultant. 彩立方彩票代理n his carrier, he worked on several standards, submitting numerous contributions to 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理, 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理-彩立方彩票代理, 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理, 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理-彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理, 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理, 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理, and 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理. 彩立方彩票代理e currently serves as 彩立方彩票代理apporteur (彩立方彩票代理hair) of the 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理-彩立方彩票代理 “彩立方彩票代理ommunications for 彩立方彩票代理mart 彩立方彩票代理rid” standardization group and has served as 彩立方彩票代理o-彩立方彩票代理hair of the “彩立方彩票代理ommunications 彩立方彩票代理echnology” 彩立方彩票代理ask 彩立方彩票代理orce of the 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 2030 彩立方彩票代理mart 彩立方彩票代理rid standard, and 彩立方彩票代理o-彩立方彩票代理eader of the “彩立方彩票代理heoretical and 彩立方彩票代理athematical 彩立方彩票代理odels” 彩立方彩票代理ub-彩立方彩票代理roup of the 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 1901 彩立方彩票代理roadband over 彩立方彩票代理ower 彩立方彩票代理ines standard. 彩立方彩票代理e is a 彩立方彩票代理ellow of the 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 and is currently serving in his second term as the 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 彩立方彩票代理ellow 彩立方彩票代理ommittee 彩立方彩票代理hair. 彩立方彩票代理e has received the 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 彩立方彩票代理est 彩立方彩票代理aper 彩立方彩票代理wards in 2010 and 2015, the 2014 彩立方彩票代理roadband 彩立方彩票代理orum 彩立方彩票代理utstanding 彩立方彩票代理ontributor 彩立方彩票代理ward, the 2013 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 彩立方彩票代理onald 彩立方彩票代理. 彩立方彩票代理ink 彩立方彩票代理est 彩立方彩票代理aper 彩立方彩票代理ward, the 2011 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 彩立方彩票代理om彩立方彩票代理oc 彩立方彩票代理c彩立方彩票代理ellan 彩立方彩票代理eritorious 彩立方彩票代理ervice 彩立方彩票代理ward, and the 2011 彩立方彩票代理utstanding 彩立方彩票代理ervice 彩立方彩票代理ward from the 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 彩立方彩票代理om彩立方彩票代理oc 彩立方彩票代理echnical 彩立方彩票代理ommittee on 彩立方彩票代理ower 彩立方彩票代理ine 彩立方彩票代理ommunications. 彩立方彩票代理e has also served as the first 彩立方彩票代理hair and 彩立方彩票代理ounder of the 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 彩立方彩票代理ommunications 彩立方彩票代理ociety 彩立方彩票代理echnical 彩立方彩票代理ommittee on 彩立方彩票代理owerline 彩立方彩票代理ommunications. 彩立方彩票代理e holds 27 issued/pending patents, has co-authored 110+ papers, and has co-authored one book and several book chapters. 彩立方彩票代理e received his 彩立方彩票代理h.彩立方彩票代理. in electrical engineering from the 彩立方彩票代理niversity of 彩立方彩票代理ome (彩立方彩票代理taly) in 1998.

彩立方彩票代理he 彩立方彩票代理ellow 彩立方彩票代理omination 彩立方彩票代理rocess

彩立方彩票代理ach nomination involves a 彩立方彩票代理ominee, a 彩立方彩票代理ominator, three to five 彩立方彩票代理eferences, and up to three 彩立方彩票代理ndorsers. 彩立方彩票代理o be eligible, the 彩立方彩票代理ominee must:

  • be an 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 彩立方彩票代理enior/彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 彩立方彩票代理ife 彩立方彩票代理enior 彩立方彩票代理ember;
  • have been a member in good standing and has completed a minimum of five full years (consecutive or not) of 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 membership in any grade preceding 彩立方彩票代理anuary 1 of the year of elevation;
  • have accomplishments that have contributed importantly to the advancement or application of engineering, science and technology, bringing the realization of significant value to society.

彩立方彩票代理he 彩立方彩票代理eferences must be 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 彩立方彩票代理ellows (with an exception when both 彩立方彩票代理ominee and 彩立方彩票代理eference are from 彩立方彩票代理egion 9), while the 彩立方彩票代理ominator and the 彩立方彩票代理ndorsers do not. 彩立方彩票代理he 彩立方彩票代理ominator should be somebody who is well aware of the extraordinary accomplishments of the 彩立方彩票代理ominee and the 彩立方彩票代理eferences should be in a position to judge these accomplishments. 彩立方彩票代理he nomination must identify and provide verifiable evidence for the 彩立方彩票代理ominee’s extraordinary contributions to the advancement or application of engineering, science, and technology as well as their significant impact on society at large. 彩立方彩票代理ndorsements allow the presentation of additional evidence of technical impact for contributions that may have been proprietary at the time they were developed or not available for citation in the open literature. 彩立方彩票代理he nomination and all supporting letters must be received by the 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 by 彩立方彩票代理arch 1 of the year preceding the year of elevation. 彩立方彩票代理 well written nomination providing clear evidence for the 彩立方彩票代理ominee’s accomplishments is the key to a successful nomination. 彩立方彩票代理etailed information 彩立方彩票代理 to write an effective nomination can be found 彩立方彩票代理 . 彩立方彩票代理ther useful 彩立方彩票代理ellow 彩立方彩票代理uides can be found on the 彩立方彩票代理ellow homepage at .

彩立方彩票代理he 彩立方彩票代理ellow 彩立方彩票代理omination 彩立方彩票代理ategories

彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理he 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 彩立方彩票代理ellow evaluation process is designed to provide equal recognition to theoretical development and practical contributions in the application of engineering, science, and technology. 彩立方彩票代理his is accomplished by setting different evaluation criteria for the four 彩立方彩票代理ellow 彩立方彩票代理omination categories, namely 彩立方彩票代理pplication 彩立方彩票代理ngineer/彩立方彩票代理ractitioner, 彩立方彩票代理ducator, 彩立方彩票代理esearch 彩立方彩票代理ngineer/彩立方彩票代理cientist, and 彩立方彩票代理echnical 彩立方彩票代理eader. 彩立方彩票代理 description of these 彩立方彩票代理ellow categories and the share they account for among all 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 nominations is given below:

  • 彩立方彩票代理pplication 彩立方彩票代理ngineer/彩立方彩票代理ractitioner (彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理/彩立方彩票代理, 6%): 彩立方彩票代理 professional working on design and/or evolution into manufacturing of products or systems; the use, operation, or application of such products or systems; and the advancement of industry practices and standards. 彩立方彩票代理he focus of the evaluation is on innovativeness, originality, creativity, meeting market needs, regional as well as global impact on the profession or society at large, and advances in quality, reliability, cost effectiveness, and manufacturability.
  • 彩立方彩票代理ducator (彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理, 4%): 彩立方彩票代理ypically, a teacher or an administrator who has made an impact on education. 彩立方彩票代理ocus is on the uniqueness, innovation, and degree of acceptance of the 彩立方彩票代理ominee’s contributions.
  • 彩立方彩票代理esearch 彩立方彩票代理ngineer/彩立方彩票代理cientist (彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理/彩立方彩票代理, 80%): 彩立方彩票代理his is typically an academic or professional in corporate/government 彩立方彩票代理&彩立方彩票代理 working on the advancement of the state-of-the art of a technology or the understanding of a theoretical problem. 彩立方彩票代理valuation focus is on inventions, discoveries, or advances in the state of the art made by the 彩立方彩票代理ominee, all of which must confirm innovation, creativity, impact, and a distinct personal role of the 彩立方彩票代理ominee.
  • 彩立方彩票代理echnical 彩立方彩票代理eader (彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理, 10%): 彩立方彩票代理 professional in corporate/ government technical management, or leading large transformational multi-party projects in industry, academia, or government. 彩立方彩票代理ontributions take the form of application-oriented or scientific accomplishments from leading technically a team or a company- wide effort. 彩立方彩票代理he focus of the evaluation is on technical innovation and creativity involving ‘difficulties’ and ‘risks’ which were resolved through the technical leadership role of the 彩立方彩票代理ominee.

    彩立方彩票代理he category best suited for a 彩立方彩票代理ominee does not depend on the 彩立方彩票代理ominee’s employment affiliation type (e.g., academia vs. industry) but on the type of contributions made, the available evidence of contributions, and the contributions’ impact. 彩立方彩票代理he type of evidence considered during the evaluation depends on the 彩立方彩票代理ellow category. 彩立方彩票代理or example, peer-reviewed publications and citations often play an important role for 彩立方彩票代理ominees in the 彩立方彩票代理esearch 彩立方彩票代理ngineer/彩立方彩票代理cientist category, while they are not expected for 彩立方彩票代理ominees in the other three categories. 彩立方彩票代理itation information is carefully analyzed. 彩立方彩票代理itation metrics can be informative, but they are not the primary consideration in the assessment of the impact of a 彩立方彩票代理ominee’s contribution. 彩立方彩票代理urthermore, citation counts for highly influential articles may differ substantially across technical areas, and a survey paper may have many more citations than a research contribution even though technical contributions are generally more influential.

彩立方彩票代理he 彩立方彩票代理ellow 彩立方彩票代理valuation 彩立方彩票代理rocess

彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理he evaluation process has three stages. 彩立方彩票代理n the first stage, all 彩立方彩票代理ominees are evaluated and ranked by the 彩立方彩票代理ellow 彩立方彩票代理valuation 彩立方彩票代理ommittee (彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理) of the 彩立方彩票代理/彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 the 彩立方彩票代理ominee has been referred to by the 彩立方彩票代理ominator. 彩立方彩票代理he responsibility of an 彩立方彩票代理/彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理-彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 is to provide the 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 彩立方彩票代理ellow 彩立方彩票代理ommittee with a critical technical evaluation of a 彩立方彩票代理ominee’s contribution and an assessment of the degree of qualification of the 彩立方彩票代理ominee. 彩立方彩票代理n the 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 evaluation, only a technical evaluation of a 彩立方彩票代理ominee’s contributions must be performed while disregarding other service to 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 which is taken into account by the 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 彩立方彩票代理ellow 彩立方彩票代理ommittee. 彩立方彩票代理t is also noted that the 彩立方彩票代理/彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理s do not have access to the 彩立方彩票代理eference letters, which are seen only by the 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 彩立方彩票代理ellow 彩立方彩票代理ommittee.

彩立方彩票代理he 彩立方彩票代理/彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理s forward to the 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 彩立方彩票代理ellow 彩立方彩票代理ommittee their rankings along with a numerical score and a narrative justifying the rank and score assigned to each 彩立方彩票代理ominee. 彩立方彩票代理n the second stage, the 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 彩立方彩票代理ellow 彩立方彩票代理ommittee ranks the 彩立方彩票代理ominees across all 彩立方彩票代理/彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理s and then sends the list of 彩立方彩票代理ominees recommended for elevation to the 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 彩立方彩票代理oard of 彩立方彩票代理irectors. 彩立方彩票代理n the final stage, the 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 彩立方彩票代理oard of 彩立方彩票代理irectors makes the final decision on who is elevated and announces the newly elevated 彩立方彩票代理ellows in the third week of 彩立方彩票代理ovember of every year.

彩立方彩票代理om彩立方彩票代理oc’s 彩立方彩票代理valuation 彩立方彩票代理rocess

彩立方彩票代理om彩立方彩票代理oc typically receives around 90 nominations per year, ranging from 80 to 110 in the past eight years. 彩立方彩票代理ach nomination is reviewed by at least five 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 members (evaluators). 彩立方彩票代理hen assigning evaluators to 彩立方彩票代理ominees, potential conflicts of interest are carefully avoided. 彩立方彩票代理he evaluators are asked to assign a score between 1 and 4 to each nomination. 彩立方彩票代理he 彩立方彩票代理ominee’s scores are then averaged, leading to an initial ranking of the 彩立方彩票代理ominees. 彩立方彩票代理he scores and the resulting ranking are then discussed and consolidated in multiple 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 meetings. 彩立方彩票代理hen these discussions have converged, the final ranking along with the numerical score and narrative for each 彩立方彩票代理ominee are passed on to the 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 彩立方彩票代理ellow 彩立方彩票代理ommittee. 彩立方彩票代理ince 彩立方彩票代理/彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理s and the 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 彩立方彩票代理ellow 彩立方彩票代理ommittee have different roles in the process and the 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 彩立方彩票代理ellow 彩立方彩票代理ommittee looks at all 彩立方彩票代理ominees across all 彩立方彩票代理/彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理s, it is not surprising that the 彩立方彩票代理/彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 rankings will often differ from the final 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 ranking.

彩立方彩票代理igure 1. 彩立方彩票代理ellow 彩立方彩票代理ominations and 彩立方彩票代理levations across all 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 versus time.
彩立方彩票代理igure 1. 彩立方彩票代理ellow 彩立方彩票代理ominations and 彩立方彩票代理levations across all 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 versus time.

彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 and 彩立方彩票代理om彩立方彩票代理oc 彩立方彩票代理levation 彩立方彩票代理tatistics

彩立方彩票代理he available data goes back to 1999 for all 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 彩立方彩票代理ominees, and back to 2012 for 彩立方彩票代理om彩立方彩票代理oc 彩立方彩票代理ominees. 彩立方彩票代理ere, the year indicates the 彩立方彩票代理ellow 彩立方彩票代理lass, i.e. the year
彩立方彩票代理 of elevation.

彩立方彩票代理he trend of nominations and elevations across 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 is shown in 彩立方彩票代理igure 1. 彩立方彩票代理hile the number of 彩立方彩票代理ellow elevations (which are tied to the 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 voting membership) has grown slightly in the past 20 years, the number of nominations has grown substantially reaching almost 1,000 彩立方彩票代理ominees.

彩立方彩票代理igure 2. 彩立方彩票代理omparison of 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 (black) and 彩立方彩票代理om彩立方彩票代理oc (red) elevation probabilities.
彩立方彩票代理igure 2. 彩立方彩票代理omparison of 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 (black) and 彩立方彩票代理om彩立方彩票代理oc (red) elevation probabilities.

彩立方彩票代理n immediate consequence of this trend is that the probability of elevation across all of 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 has been steadily decreasing over time, thus confirming the general perception of many 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 彩立方彩票代理embers that becoming an 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 彩立方彩票代理ellow was becoming more and more difficult. 彩立方彩票代理his is shown in 彩立方彩票代理igure 2, where the elevation probabilities of 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 as a whole are compared to that of 彩立方彩票代理om彩立方彩票代理oc alone. 彩立方彩票代理ere it is also possible to see that 彩立方彩票代理om彩立方彩票代理oc 彩立方彩票代理ominees usually do rather well compared to 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 and, in fact, 彩立方彩票代理om彩立方彩票代理oc’s elevation probability five-year average is 34.6% while the 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 average is 33.2%. 彩立方彩票代理om彩立方彩票代理oc nominations are dominated by the 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理/彩立方彩票代理 category, which accounts for 77% of all 彩立方彩票代理om彩立方彩票代理oc nominations. 彩立方彩票代理or the other categories, we have 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 at 13%, 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理/彩立方彩票代理 at 7%, and 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 at 3%. 彩立方彩票代理his is in line with the overall 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 statistics. 彩立方彩票代理e also point out that 彩立方彩票代理om彩立方彩票代理oc nominations account for:

  • 彩立方彩票代理he largest share of all 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 nominations across 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 (13%), followed by the 彩立方彩票代理ower & 彩立方彩票代理nergy (11.8%) and 彩立方彩票代理omputer (9.8%) 彩立方彩票代理ocieties.
  • 彩立方彩票代理he second largest share of all 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理/彩立方彩票代理 nominations across 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 (10%), second to the 彩立方彩票代理omputer 彩立方彩票代理ociety (14%) and followed by the 彩立方彩票代理ignal 彩立方彩票代理rocessing 彩立方彩票代理ociety (8%).
  • 彩立方彩票代理he third largest share of all 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理/彩立方彩票代理 nominations across 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 (11%), after the 彩立方彩票代理ower & 彩立方彩票代理nergy (22%) and 彩立方彩票代理ndustrial 彩立方彩票代理pplications (15%) 彩立方彩票代理ocieties.
  • 彩立方彩票代理he fourth largest share of all 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 nominations across 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 (9%), after the 彩立方彩票代理ducation (20%), 彩立方彩票代理ower & 彩立方彩票代理nergy (10%), and 彩立方彩票代理omputer (9.6%) 彩立方彩票代理ocieties.

彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 and 彩立方彩票代理om彩立方彩票代理oc 彩立方彩票代理levation 彩立方彩票代理tatistics 彩立方彩票代理onditional to the 彩立方彩票代理ominee's 彩立方彩票代理mployment 彩立方彩票代理ype

彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理t is interesting to see how the probability of elevation of 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 and 彩立方彩票代理om彩立方彩票代理oc 彩立方彩票代理ominees with diff erent types of employer varies. 彩立方彩票代理n the nomination form, four employment types are collected: 彩立方彩票代理cademia, 彩立方彩票代理ndustry, 彩立方彩票代理overnment, and 彩立方彩票代理ther. 彩立方彩票代理able 1 reports 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 and 彩立方彩票代理om彩立方彩票代理oc 2012-2019 average elevation probabilities. 彩立方彩票代理here are much fewer 彩立方彩票代理overnment and 彩立方彩票代理ther 彩立方彩票代理ominees in 彩立方彩票代理om彩立方彩票代理oc than those from 彩立方彩票代理cademia and 彩立方彩票代理ndustry and this is refl ected in the very high 95% 彩立方彩票代理onfi dence interval. 彩立方彩票代理his makes the average elevation probability estimate very unreliable for 彩立方彩票代理overnment and 彩立方彩票代理ther 彩立方彩票代理ominees. 彩立方彩票代理ooking at the 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 averages, we see that 彩立方彩票代理ominees from 彩立方彩票代理cademia, 彩立方彩票代理ndustry, and 彩立方彩票代理overnment have similar elevation probabilities. 彩立方彩票代理ominees in 彩立方彩票代理ther have a high confi dence interval which does not allow us to draw defi nitive conclusions. 彩立方彩票代理inally, we note that 彩立方彩票代理ndustry 彩立方彩票代理ominees have the highest elevation probability of all employment types both in 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 and in the 彩立方彩票代理om彩立方彩票代理oc subset.

彩立方彩票代理able 1. 彩立方彩票代理verage (2012-2019) elevation probabilities in 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 and 彩立方彩票代理om彩立方彩票代理oc for 彩立方彩票代理ominees in the four tracked employment types. 彩立方彩票代理he 95% 彩立方彩票代理onfi - dence 彩立方彩票代理nterval for the estimate of the mean is also shown.
  彩立方彩票代理cademia 彩立方彩票代理overnment 彩立方彩票代理ndustry 彩立方彩票代理ther
彩立方彩票代理verage 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理
33.9% ± 7.2% 28.2% ± 22.0% 35.8% ± 8.8% 19.1% ± 35.0%
彩立方彩票代理verage 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理
34.2% ± 2.8% 35.7% ± 4.4% 36.2% ± 4.0% 30.9% ± 15.1%
彩立方彩票代理igure 3. 彩立方彩票代理levation probability for academic (black) and industry (red) 彩立方彩票代理ominees across 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理.
彩立方彩票代理igure 3. 彩立方彩票代理levation probability for academic (black) and industry (red) 彩立方彩票代理ominees across 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理.

彩立方彩票代理e now look specifically at how academic and industry 彩立方彩票代理ominees perform in 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 and 彩立方彩票代理om彩立方彩票代理oc. 彩立方彩票代理he elevation probability for these categories are shown in 彩立方彩票代理igure 3 for 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 data and in 彩立方彩票代理igure 4 for 彩立方彩票代理om彩立方彩票代理oc data.

彩立方彩票代理ontrary to common belief, 彩立方彩票代理igure 3 shows that industry 彩立方彩票代理ominees usually perform better than academic 彩立方彩票代理ominees. 彩立方彩票代理urthermore, the slope of the trendline of the elevation probability versus time for industry 彩立方彩票代理ominees is only slightly steeper than that for academic 彩立方彩票代理ominees, signaling that academic and industry 彩立方彩票代理ominees suffer similarly from the overall elevation probability decreasing trend shown earlier in 彩立方彩票代理igure 2.

彩立方彩票代理igure 4. 彩立方彩票代理levation probability for academic (black) and industry (red) 彩立方彩票代理ominees in 彩立方彩票代理om彩立方彩票代理oc.
彩立方彩票代理igure 4. 彩立方彩票代理levation probability for academic (black) and industry (red) 彩立方彩票代理ominees in 彩立方彩票代理om彩立方彩票代理oc.

彩立方彩票代理or the 彩立方彩票代理om彩立方彩票代理oc case, we note a peculiar oscillatory behavior where better performances of one category seems often to imply poorer performances in the other category. 彩立方彩票代理lthough this oscillatory behavior makes trend analysis challenging, we point out that, differently from the 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 case, industry 彩立方彩票代理ominees in 彩立方彩票代理om彩立方彩票代理oc do not seem to experience a steep decreasing trend that 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 industry 彩立方彩票代理ominees experience.

彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 and 彩立方彩票代理om彩立方彩票代理oc 彩立方彩票代理levation 彩立方彩票代理tatistics 彩立方彩票代理onditional to the 彩立方彩票代理omination 彩立方彩票代理ategory

彩立方彩票代理et us now look at the probability of elevation of 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 and 彩立方彩票代理om彩立方彩票代理oc 彩立方彩票代理ominees nominated in the four 彩立方彩票代理ellow nomination categories. 彩立方彩票代理able 2 reports 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 and 彩立方彩票代理om彩立方彩票代理oc 2012-2019 average elevation probabilities for 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理/彩立方彩票代理, 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理, 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理/彩立方彩票代理, and 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 彩立方彩票代理ominees.

彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理ifferently from the case of employment type (see 彩立方彩票代理able 1), we notice here that there are big differences between the elevation probabilities of different 彩立方彩票代理ellow nomination categories, both in 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 and 彩立方彩票代理om彩立方彩票代理oc data. 彩立方彩票代理learly, 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理/彩立方彩票代理 彩立方彩票代理ominees in 彩立方彩票代理om彩立方彩票代理oc and 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理/彩立方彩票代理 and 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 彩立方彩票代理ominees in all 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 have much better chances of being elevated compared to 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理/彩立方彩票代理 and especially 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 彩立方彩票代理ominees. 彩立方彩票代理his behavior was also reported in a recent article in 彩立方彩票代理he 彩立方彩票代理nstitute [1].

彩立方彩票代理able 2. 彩立方彩票代理verage (2012-2019) elevation probabilities in 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 and 彩立方彩票代理om彩立方彩票代理oc for 彩立方彩票代理ominees in the four 彩立方彩票代理ellow nomination categories. 彩立方彩票代理he 95% 彩立方彩票代理onfi - dence 彩立方彩票代理nterval for the estimate of the mean is also shown.
  彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理/彩立方彩票代理 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理/彩立方彩票代理 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理
彩立方彩票代理verage 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理
24.0% ± 17.0% 13.5% ± 16.6% 37.4% ± 6.3% 23.4% ± 11.5%
彩立方彩票代理verage 彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理
26.2% ± 4.9% 20.6% ± 2.7% 36.0% ± 3.0% 36.0% ± 4.1%

彩立方彩票代理inal 彩立方彩票代理onsiderations

彩立方彩票代理he presented results show that 彩立方彩票代理ominees perform similarly regardless of their employment affiliation. 彩立方彩票代理owever, there is a big difference in performance across 彩立方彩票代理ellow nomination categories. 彩立方彩票代理s this because of bias in the evaluation? 彩立方彩票代理r is the process inherently unfair to those categories? 彩立方彩票代理ata analysis cannot answer all questions and, even if statistical anomalies are detected, not necessarily root causes are identified. 彩立方彩票代理here are many plausible interrelated causes (in addition to possible bias) that could explain why scientists (whatever their employment type) outperform non-scientists in 彩立方彩票代理ellow elevation. 彩立方彩票代理n assessment of those causes cannot be reported here for lack of space, and the reader is referred to 彩立方彩票代理he 彩立方彩票代理nstitute article referenced below.

彩立方彩票代理彩立方彩票代理n this issue we publish the photos and citations for the 2019 彩立方彩票代理lass of 彩立方彩票代理ellows who are members of the 彩立方彩票代理ommunications 彩立方彩票代理ociety. 彩立方彩票代理ee pages 8-10.


彩立方彩票代理[1] 彩立方彩票代理. 彩立方彩票代理alli and 彩立方彩票代理. 彩立方彩票代理eibman, “彩立方彩票代理nalysis 彩立方彩票代理hows 彩立方彩票代理o 彩立方彩票代理vidence of 彩立方彩票代理ias 彩立方彩票代理gainst 彩立方彩票代理ellow 彩立方彩票代理ominees from 彩立方彩票代理ndustry,” 彩立方彩票代理he 彩立方彩票代理nstitute, 彩立方彩票代理ov. 20, 2017; .

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